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One of the major problems to be tackled is sewage treatment.  Without purifying the effluent flowing in the valley there can little environmental enhancement. For years, Israel and the Palestinian Authority have debated the creation of sewage treatment plants in the Valley.  In the past, several plans for sewage treatment were developed under the auspices of different government authorities. These plans will be collected and brought to the attention of the stakeholders for their evaluation.  The team will work towards achieving agreement on a workable plan.

 A subsequent plan for proper distribution of the treated water to the various riparians in the Valley will then be developed. This includes the issue of a "dry" or "wet" wadi- should water continue to flow year-round, or should the Kidron/Wadi Nar return to its previous state as an intermittent stream? 

The planners will then work to coordinate a Master Plan that takes into consideration future land use planning. The Master Plan will consider reduction of environmental degradation; water quality and effluent treatment; use of the water that flows in the stream; rehabilitation of the river’s ecosystem including flora and fauna; development of parks and pathways for leisure and recreation; reconstruction and rehabilitation of historic sites; designating land usage including protected areas, farmland, open spaces, parks, business and residential areas; and the establishment of a visitors center.

 It will detail investment opportunities as well as the roles and responsibilities of the various agencies which will be involved in the implementation of the plan and the management of the resources of the Valley.  One major focus will be the recognition of the Kidron Valley/Wadi Nar as a U.N. World Heritage Site.

The Master Plan will introduce to regional planning integrated water resource management (IWRM), whereby land use, water use and the environment will be managed holistically, social and economic needs will be balanced with the needs of the environment, and decision-making will be coordinated between the local, regional and national levels.
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